초록

Yun, Gwanhi. 2020. Cross-modal mapping in L1 Korean and L2 English sound symbolism. Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics 20, 180-208. We have investigated whether the association of sounds and shapes is observed in Korean L1 ideophones and L2 English words and pseudowords. First, we found that the linkage between shapes and sounds emerges in a limited scale with respect to Korean L1 ideophones and vowel harmony. This finding may stem from the fact that light/dark vowel distinction relating to Korean vowel harmony differs from the common vowel distinction based on front/back dimensions observed across languages. Second, in lexical decision task and explicit association test, we have shown that the correlation of visually and auditorily presented sounds and shapes takes place with regard to stop/fricative distinction. Moreover, the number of consonants contained within the words predicted the robustness of the association of the consonant type and shapes. Furthermore, it was found that round shapes were preferred for back rounded vowels and spiky shapes were associated with front vowels in L2 English. Thus, the presence or strength of the bondage of shapes and sounds might differ according to L1-specific phonological rules, L2 sound types or the type of behavioral task.

키워드

Keywords: sound symbolism, Korean vowel harmony, cross-modal correspondence, sound-shape association, lexical decision task, explicit association test

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