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The purpose of this study is to confirm the specific mechanism between leisure sports participation of university students and formation of positive psychological capital based on the theory of happiness. The main results of this study are as follows. First, leisure sports participation showed positive correlation with meaning of life, positive affect, and positive psychological capital. And the meaning of life and positive affect showed positive correlation with positive psychological capital. Second, the more college students participated in leisure sports, the more they were inclined to pursue and discover the meaning of life, which led to the improvement of positive psychological capital. And the more college students participate in leisure sports, the more they experience positive affect, which had a positive effect on the improvement of positive psychological capital. Third, the direct effect of leisure sports on positive psychological capital was not significant, and the meaning of life and positive affect had a positive mediating effect on positive psychological capital.