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Shelley’s poem “To A Skylark” has seen 200 years of popularity and interpretation since it was written in 1820. Different readings of it provide different interpreta￾tions and broaden the scope of critical treatment. A reading of the poem in light of Derridian deconstruction coupled with Lao Tzu’s philosophical thinking, produces interesting results. This essay attempts to re-read this classical poem by incorporating the philosophical insights of these two philosophers, one from ancient China and the other from the contemporary west. This attempt first generalizes deconstruction as an interpretation strategy for literature, focusing on the binary opposition in general and the binary opposition of “absence” and “presence” in particular. It then illustrates the dialectic thinking of Lao Tzu to pave the way for the study of the skylark in the poetic presentation. The essay maintains, after detailed analysis, that absence in the description of the physicality of the bird (as represented by the bird’s song and flight) is both external and internal to presence (as embodied by the physical being of the bird). By the poet’s artful incorporation of this strategy, he is able to express the greater “presence” of the bird, that which transcends corporeal existence; thus the poet accomplishes his poetic ideal, that is, that nature is more powerful than human beings and that the latter have to be humble before the power of nature as represented by the bird. The essay also holds that philosophers and the poet are alike in the discovery of the laws governing the universe, though in different ways.