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The historical perceptions of the losers of the Japanese Civil War during the period of modern transition were: ① Anti-SatchoShikan, that is, a historical view that opposes the discourses of Satsuma and Choshu, the winners of modern Japan; ② Post-BigakuShikan, that is, a historical view that opposes the discourse which defines Aizu as an absolute line. These two historical perceptions must be discourses that can crack the mainstream historical perception in modern Japanese society, but the limits are clear. There are the limit to grasping history in a fragmented manner, and the limit not to discuss modern Japanese invasion war in the context of East Asian history or Global history. The antagonist composition of Anti-SatchoShikan and Post-BigakuShikan is also confirmed in the Boshin 150th Anniversary Project of Aizuwakamatsu City. In general, Aizuwakamatsu's commemoration project was carried out based on the historical awareness that emphasizes the pure and sublime Aizu warrior, ie, Anti-SatchoShikan, but also linked to Post-BigakuShikan. It is interesting to see whether or not Anti-SatchoShikan, which fits into the general public opinion of the Aizu community, will continue to win, or whether Post-BigakuShikan that aims to reconstruct history, including the self-criticism of the Aizu community, will expand its influence.