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무풍군 이총은 연산군 대 사화에 희생된 인물이다. 그는 김종직의 문인이며 남효온의 사위로 당대 대표적인 청담파 지식인이었으므로 연산군 대 사화를 피할 수 없었다. 그렇지만 그는 친진 이전의 종친으로 문과 응시도 관직 진출도 할 수 없어서 사화의 직접적 대상인 간관도 아니었고 폐비 윤씨 사건과도 직접적으로 관련 있는 인물이 아니었음에도본인을 비롯한 일가족이 모두 희생되었다. 연산군은 이총을 처벌하고서최종적으로 ‘종친이 조정의 관료들과 더불어 붕당을 만들고 시사를 비방했다.’라고 하였는데, 이러한 점들이 복합적으로 작용하여 이총과 그 일가족이 모두 희생되었다. 중종 반정 직후 이총은 관작이 회복되어 그에게 도정(都政)이 내려졌다. 이후 그에 대한 추증이 이루어졌는데, 1705년(숙종 31)에는 정려가내려졌고, 1735년(영조 11)에는 군호가 내려져 ‘명의대부 무풍군 겸 오위도총부 부총관’이 되었으며, 1796년(정조 20)에는 ‘소민(昭愍)’이라는 시호가 내려졌다. 1900년(광무 4)에는 선원보략을 편찬하며 이총의 사적을기록하기로 하였으며, 그의 시호가 덕과 맞지 않기 때문에 좋은 시호로고치자는 주장이 있었다. 이에 따라 1910년(융희 4)에 그의 시호는 ‘충민(忠愍)’으로 고쳐졌다. 이총의 사후 복권 및 추증 내용을 종합하면, 그에 대한 평가는 ‘시문과 음율이 뛰어난 왕실 인사가 소인들의 시기로 화를 입었다는 것’에서점차 ‘나라를 걱정하느라 집안을 잊은 우국지사’로 바뀌게 되었다고 할수 있다.


King Yeonsan(燕山君) definded the Daegan(臺諫: remonstration officers)’s media activities as “Nungsang(凌上: insults to the superiors),” and oppressed them together with the Daesin(大臣: ministers). After the oppression of Daegan, King Yeonsan managed its own state. Then the Daesin also remonstrated, and Yeonsan-gun punished them indiscriminately. In the process, King Yeonsan also punished Kim Jong-jik(金宗直) and his disciples, as well as Cheongdam intellectuals(淸談派) who were uncooperative with the state. Yi Chong(李捴) was victimized by the massacres of Confucian scholars in 1498 and 1504. He was a disciple of Kim Jong-jik, the son-in-law of Nam Hyo-on(南孝溫), and a representative Cheongdam intellectual(淸談派), so he could not escape the massacres of Confucian scholars in period of King Yeonsan’s reign. However, he was not a direct object of the massacres of Confucian scholars. Because he was not the Daegan and wasn't related to 'the case where King Yeonsan's birth mother was kicked out of the queen'. Nevertheless, the whole family, including Yi Chong, were sacrificed by the massacres of Confucian scholars. King Yeonsan punished Yi Chong and finally said, 'The royals made a faction with officials and slandered the current affairs.' Perhaps because of this, King Yeonsan punished Yi Chong excessively. Immediately after the Jungjong Banjeong(中宗反正, Restoration in 1506), Yi Chong was reinstated, and received the title of 'Dojeong(都政)'. Even after that, he continued to receive posthumous honor. He was rewarded Jeongrye(旌閭: * This work was supported by the Gimcheon University Research Grant of 2019 (gc19030). 156 東洋古典硏究 第79輯 Memorial gateway) in 1705, the loyal name 'Mupunggun(茂豊君)' in 1735, and Siho(諡號: The honorable name given to the dead by the country) ‘Somin(昭愍)’ in 1796. In 1900, it was decided to record the case of Yi Chong in the royal genealogy, and there was a claim to fix it because Siho did not fit his case. As a result, in 1910, his Siho was changed to 'Chungmin(忠愍)'. Summarizing the contents of the posthumous honor, the evaluation of Yi Chong changed as follows. The evaluation of him gradually changed from 'a person whose royal family with excellent poetry and melody was sacrificed by the jealousy of petty men' to 'a person who forgot about the house work because he was worried about the country'.