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R&D investments in Korea amounted to 87.1 trillion won as of 2018, while government funded R&D investments continued to grow and reach 18.3 trillion won, about 21.4% of the total R&D budget in 2018, 20.5 trillion won in 2019, 24.1 trillion won and a sustained increase on a yearly basis. The ratio of R&D to gross domestic product (GDP) is 4.81%, ranking first in the world. As of 2018, a total of 6.1 trillion won, an increase of 14.2% compared to 2014 with an option of 5.4 trillion won, which is 88.7%, invested in science and technology. On the other hand, despite such a large amount of R&D investment, the success rate of commercialization in terms of performance was 20%, lower than 70.7% in the United Kingdom, 69.3% in the United States, and 54.1% in Japan. In terms of aspect, the situation is still low, and the issue of efficiency improvement for domestic public sector R&D investment has been continuously raised. In the related research, there were mainly researches that analyzed research productivity in terms of university input variables and patent-based research models, but among the main factors constituting the primary result of R&D patents, patents Few studies have analyzed the factors affecting strength and correlated with research productivity through technology commercialization, which is a R&D result and performance. According to this research, Hypothesis 1's increase in R&D research cost has a positive effect on technology transfer income. However, the hypothesis that an increase in R&D research costs would have a direct impact on university R&D productivity was rejected. For this reason, it is analyzed that universities in Korea still treat papers as important research achievements rather than technology transfer. Hypothesis 2 is an analysis on whether the increase in university R&D expenses is related to patents, which are qualitative results of research. As a result of hypothesis verification, it was found that an increase in R&D research expenses in universities affects the quality of patents. Hypothesis 3 analyzes the effect of the quality of university patents on research productivity. As a result of the analysis, it was analyzed that the high level of quality of university patents did not increase the research productivity. As mentioned above, it is analyzed that papers is still recognized as a more important research output than patents or technology transfer for Korean universities. Therefore, this study empirically analyzes the correlation between cumulative R&D expenses and primary and secondary outcomes from a technology commercialization performance perspective through cross-sectional analysis, big data analysis tools, and statistical methods to analyze research expenses, patent characteristics, and technology transfer fees at a specific point in time. By doing so, there will be significance as a theoretical and policy research to improve the research productivity of R&D and the efficiency of government R&D investment.