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This study investigated the changes and meanings of mourning dress during the period of Japanese colonial rule by discussing those appearing in the national funerals in the 1910s. For this purpose, this study, particularly, analyzed articles in Maeil Sinbo, the representative material during the period of Japanese colonial rule. The research results are as follows: First, Maeil Sinbo naturally recommended wearing a mourning ribbon by publishing an article that the Joseon people distributed them for free and voluntarily wore them in Emperor Meiji’s funeral in 1912. People wore the traditional clothes and put a butterfly-shaped binding mourning ribbon to the left chest or put up a black fabric around the left arm. Second, Emperor Gojong’s funeral in 1919 was emperor Gojong’s family wore Gulgunjebok or put on a mourning ribbon in western clothes, and the Office of the Leewangjik and Japanese people wore the traditional Japanese clothes or put on a mourning ribbon in western clothes. Ordinary people wore traditional white clothes or Gulgunjebok and followed the traditional way by putting white paper on a black hat. Third, there was a change in the period of wearing mourning dress. For Emperor Meiji’s funeral, the Japanese mourning dress system was adopted for one year. In Emperor Gojong’s funeral, Emperor Sunjong went through the traditional three-year funeral process while King Yeongchin went through the Japanese one-year funeral process. Fourth, mourning dress served as a medium by which the people expressed their national resistance movement. There was a patriot like Seung-chil Lee who killed himself, opposing to wear mourning dress in Emperor Meiji’s funeral. In Emperor Gojong’s funeral, On the first anniversary of Emperor Gojong’s funeral, general people rather kept wearing a white hat, opposing the prohibition of wearing a white hat by Japanese imperialism.