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Metarhizium anisopliae is one of the entomopathogenic fungi infecting Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis. Environmental conditions strongly affect the virulence of entomopathogenic fungus. To test the susceptibility of P. brevitarsis seulensis larvae to M. anisopliae, we determined level mortality rates under different rearing conditions: temperatures (20℃, 25℃, 30℃), relative humidities (RH; RH 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%), and water content in sawdust (40%, 50%, 60%). The mortality rate of larvae treated with 5×106 conidia mL-1 M. anisopliae was not significantly affected by rearing temperature, but was affected by low RH (40%) and low water content in sawdust (40%), both of which resulted in high mortality rates. Mortality rated among M. anisopliae-treated 1st, 2nd, and 3rd instar larvae were highest in 1st instar larvae.