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Feng Yansi's Ci plays an important role in the history of Ci, and influences the development of Ci at that time and later generations. The most representative of Feng Yansi's achievements in Ci writing is his “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci. In the “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci, the poet melts his feelings into the scene and describes a real and perceptible picture. In the process of description, some contents endowed with deep meaning by the poet are highlighted and become figures. These figures activate the conceptual system of the reader's cognition. In the process of reading, the reader visualizes and reason these concepts, and finally complete the understanding of Ci. It can be seen that the creation process of poets and the reading process of readers are inseparable from the psychological cognitive process, so it is feasible and effective to use the figure-ground theory to analyze the “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci. Previous studies on Feng Yansi's Ci mainly focused on the artistic style, historical position and life experience of the poet, but they have not been studied from the perspective of the figure-ground theory, and previous studies on the “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci are mostly focused on several of them, the rest are lack of specific analysis and research. This paper intends to make a tentative analysis of the “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci by using the figure-ground theory, and find out its internal cognitive motivation, so as to provide a new perspective for the analysis and interpretation of Feng Yansi's Ci. This paper first uses the figure-ground theory to make a deep understanding of the text of each poem in the “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci, and then sums up the expressions of figure and ground. In the “Quetazhi (鹊踏枝)” Ci, some images with their own independent characteristics are mostly constructed into figures to highlight the emotion of Ci writers. In addition, the figure-ground relationship is mainly reflected through the way of location words, figurative rhetoric, time relations and marked sentence patterns. Applying the figure-ground theory to the internal analysis of the “Quetazhi(鹊踏枝)” Ci can transform the abstract language into a vivid and perceptible picture, which enables readers to recognize and experience as if they were in the picture, so as to perceive the charm of a word from a new perspective.