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‘Wateriness[Pingdan]’ originally was an important concept of Chinese philosophy in Pre-Qin period, and in the Jin Dynasty and the Southern and Northern Dynasties, ‘The theory of Wateriness[Pingdan]󰡑began to enter the field of literature. In the Song dynasty, ‘The theory of Pingdan’ became the main problem of poetry’s creation, criticism and appreciation. In this study, we investigated the discussion of Pingdan in the Song Dynasty, including the view of Hu Su, Mei Yaochen, Ouyang Xiu, Su Shi, Huang Tingjian in Northern Song Dynasty, and Ge Lifang, Zhu Xi in Southern Song Dynasty. Discussion of Pingdan in Song Dynasty emphasized the ‘Pingdan’, and paid attention to the relationship between the Pingdan and refinement, sentiment and taste, and the nature at the same time. The discussion of Pingdan became the most representative and key content of Poetics in Song Dynasty.