초록 close

Soil salinization threats the agricultural productionand food security worldwide. Salt stress induced plantsenescence and chloroplast degradation. However, it remainslargely unknown how the chloroplast-localized proteins affectplant response to salt stress. Here, we characterized a novelgene (At5g39520) in Arabidopsis, which is induced by saltstress and encodes a chloroplast-localized protein. Thus, thisgene was named SALT-INDUCED CHLOROPLAST PROTEIN(SCP). A T-DNA insertion mutant of SCP gene (scp-1)showed the enhanced tolerance to salt stress, as indicated bythe increased survival rates, fresh weights and chlorophyllcontents compared with wild type plants under salt treatment. Salt-induced leaf senescence was also delayed in scp-1 mutant. The scp-1 complementation line and SCP overexpressionlines displayed the hypersensitivity to salt stress. The qRTPCRanalysis indicated that the transcripts of CHLOROPLASTVESICULATION (CV), which mediates stress-inducedchloroplast degradation, were altered in scp-1 mutant andSCP overexpression lines. Taken together, our results suggestthat SCP gene plays a negative role in response to salt stress andhas potential application for genetic modification of improvingplant tolerance to salt stress.