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Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(Shi moheyan lun 釋摩訶衍論) was included in the second edition of the Goryeo Canon following the Liao(Khitan) Canon. In this aspect, this paper examines several wooden-printed versions of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna and the implication of the text in the Goryeo Canon. Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna in the Goryeo Canon shows differences from the version in the Liao Canon based on the Fangshan shijing(房山石經) edition, with regard to the content and transcription of the spell. Therefore, two wooden-printed versions in the Goryeo and Liao Canon are not same each other. By comparing the texts in the Goryeo, Liao and Yan(燕) editions, fragmentarily quoted in the Note of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論記) by Puguan(普觀) of the Southern Song dynasty, it is also found that the Liao edition is the Fangshan shijing edition and the Goryeo edition is different from the one in the Goryeo Canon. In addition, the one in the Goryeo Canon is the most similar to the one in the Yan edition, but they are not identical. It is resulted from the comparison between the excerpts of the commentary on Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna by a Buddhist monk of Khitan and the text in the Goryeo Canon. Considering that Dàozōng(道宗, 在位1055-1101) wrote the introduction(引文) on Comprehensive Profound Extracts of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論通玄鈔) by Zhifu(志福) and mentioned its collation, there was a newly printed version in Khitan, based on the collation. Fawu(法悟) also would contain emperor’s interpretation on Praising Profound Commentary of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論贊玄疏), discussing on the new version with Dàozōng. From this point of view, it is assumed that the text Fawu referred to was a newly printed Yan edition and it was different from the one in the Liao Canon which Zhifu referred to. After the texts written by Buddhist monks of Khitan and the Yan edition were introduced to Goryeo, Double-proofread Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(重校釋摩訶衍論) was collated by Uicheon(義天, 1055-1101). Therefore, it is suggested that Double-proofread Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna was included in the second edition of the Goryeo Canon.


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Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論), Goryeo Canon edition, Fangshan shijing(房山石經) edition, Note on Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論記), Comprehensive Profound Extracts of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論通玄鈔), Praising Profound Commentary of Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(釋摩訶衍論贊玄疏), Double-proofread Explanation of the Treatise on Mahāyāna(重校釋摩訶衍論)