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Management of Unsan gold mine of O.C.M.C. and regional society of mine city Bukjin


O.C.M.C.(Oriental consolidated mining company) who managed Unsan gold mine was the third existence, neither Japanese empire nor colonial Joseon, until Japanese occupation through opening time of a port. From an angle of Korean history, how does American management of Unsa gold mine be evaluated? Except for securing of gold mine of imperial country, right pillage, it’s still strange to evaluate historical meaning of gold mine’s rights. Especially, the answer for what Unsan gold mine is for Joseon people was not suggested yet until Unsan gold mine was sold to Japanese company in 1939 through Japanese colonial era. Unsan was the mine who made so many benefits. Rights passed in the period of Korean Empire were continued in Japanese colonial era as they were. American company that is the 3rd empire country excavated so many golds with very low salary and very high technology in Unsan gold mine. The purpose of American company was very high benefits. Interests of empire companies were neither Japanese empire nor colonial Joseon. The change of colonial Joseon society shown by Unsan gold mine was appearance of mien city Bukjin. In the development of regional society, the subject was colonial Joseon people. Due to the American companies, diverse Joseon people were gathered to Bukjin. As a result passed rights of Unsan gold mine, very high benefits were given to Americans after colonial era and for Joseon people, there was a formation of mine city who enjoys trickle down effects of benefits.