초록 close

The Korean Government appointed Horace N. Allen as a foreign secretary of the Korean Legation in Washington, led by Pak Chung Yang(朴定陽), Minister to Washington in 1888. Allen accompanied the Korean mission with two objectives: he took the embassy to go to the United States and presented them to the president of the U.S.; he also assisted the negotiation for a loan of two million dollars. This article mainly focuses on the activities of Allen for raising the loan and developing of the mines. Under Korea’s commission, he could open up the negotiation with American capitalists, with the help of varied circle of acquaintances. He also came into close relations with officials in the Korean Legation, thereby making himself as a nucleus between Korea and U.S. This experience helped to his career later on. Various documents in the Allen Papers show his active response to the media manipulation by the Chinese. To break off American loan to Korea, Chinese newspapers splashed over financial difficulties of Korean government and spread rumors on Korea. This article aims to explore Allen’s response to the media manipulation and selection of mining engineer to Korea. He tried to correct distorted views towards Korea, faithfully defending her interest. In the meantime, Allen also sought for personal interest during his stay in Washington and suggested Koreans to conclude a contract with American concession seekers, which could be seen as a prototype for ‘concession hunting’ later on.