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본 연구에서는 발아전처리 제초제인 Dithiopyr (DTP)를 시험물질로 사용하여 급성 독성시험을 평가하고, zebrafish의 행동에 미치는 영향을 연구하였다. 급성 독성시험 결과 zebrafish에서의 DTP의 LC50값은 14.49 μM이었다. 또한 DTP 노출이 유영 패턴에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위하여 아치사농도(2.5-20 μM)에서 novel tank test (NTT)와 open field test (OFT)의 두 가지 행동실험을 실시하였다. NTT를 실시한 결과, 하층부의 머무는 시간 및 최초로 상층부에 들어간 시간, 회전각, 부동 시간의 경우 control 그룹과 비교하여 통계적으로 유의성 있게 농도 의존적으로 증가하였다(p<0.05). 또한 상층부에 진입한 횟수 및 평균 유영속도에서 통계적인 유의성 있는 감소 현상이 확인되었다(p<0.05). OFT를 실시한 결과, 총 이동 거리 및 평균 유영속도에서 유의성이 있는 감소현상이 확인되었다(p<0.05). 부동 시간 및 회전각, 굴곡유영에서는 유의성 있는 증가 현상이 확인되었다(p<0.05). 또한 Whole-body cortisol level 측정 결과, 저농도 노출 그룹에서만 유의성 있는 증가가 관찰되었으나(p<0.05), 5와 10 μM에서는 유의성 있는 차이가 관찰되지 않아 농도의존적으로 감소하는 것을 확인하였다.


The aim of this study was to identify the effects of dithiopyr (DTP), a herbicide, on behavior in zebrafish. The toxicity of DTP has rarely been investigated in fish. In the present study, zebrafish were exposed to different concentrations of DTP in the range of 10-20 μM for 48 h in a test container, in order to measure the value of median lethal concentrations (LC50). Behavioral experiments were performed, including the novel tank test (NTT) and the open field test (OFT), to assess stress responses or locomotion. After exposure to the DTP solution at a sublethal concentration of 2.5–10 μM for 6 min, the behavior of the zebrafish was observed for 6 min. In the acute toxicity test, the LC50 value of DTP showed as 14.49 μM in the zebrafish. The NTT showed that the duration of immobility and the velocity were significantly increased by exposure at a concentration of 5 μM of DTP, compared with a control group (p<0.05). However, compared with the control group, DTP significantly decreased the distance moved and the frequency at the top of the tank, and significantly increased the turn angle and duration at the bottom, in a concentration-dependent manner (p<0.05). In addition, in the OFT, exposure to DTP significantly decreased the distance moved and velocity compared with the control group (p<0.05). Exposure to DTP also significantly increased the duration of immobility, the turn angle, and the meandering movement, in a concentration-dependent manner (p<0.05). Further, exposure to DTP at a low concentration elevated whole-body cortisol levels in the zebrafish. The results of this study thus suggest that DTP induces a toxic response and negative effects on behavior and the endocrine system in zebrafish.