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This paper focuses on the Choryang Waegwan area, which acted as a stage for Japanese trade and diplomacy during Japanese colonial rule. The research aims to, first of all, analyse Japanese living spaces in the Choryang Waegwan area; the Japanese concession in Busan and today's downtown area incorporating Gwangbok-dong and Nampo-dong. This paper differs from previous research, which focused on important office buildings or public facilities, by representing everyday-life-space. As for this, we are referenced to the many olden maps which were made in Map of current land registration and the Busan Guidance, Busan Map (釜山案內圖, 1938). The paper explores the spatial structure and characteristics of the area objectively; not from the habitual perspective that sees this area as little more than a colonial city in the Joseon dynasty constructed by the Japanese. This allows for an examination of its significance to the field of urban planning. Some significance of this research is that it provides the basic data for the following research.