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젖산탈수소효소(Lactate dehydrogenase, EC 1.1.1.27, LDH) LDH-C의 기능을 확인하기 위해 liver-specific Ldh-C가 발현된 붕어(Carassius auratus)와 eye-specific Ldh-C가 발현된 파랑볼우럭(Lepomis macrochirus)을 기아 상태로 유지시킨 후(S) 조직들의 LDH 대사를 연구하였다. 기아 후 붕어 간조직의 LDH 활성이 크게 증가되었으며 LDH 비활성(units/mg)과 LDH/CS는 조직들에서 증가되어 혐기적 대사가 이루어짐을 확인하였다. 기아 후 LDH B4 동위효소가 골격근조직에서 감소되었고 심장조직에서 증가되었다. 눈과 뇌조직에 나타났던 LDH C4 동위효소는 liver-specific C4로 확인되었으며 기아 후에 없어지고, 눈조직은 C hybrid, 뇌조직은 A4, 간조직은 C hybrid와 C4 동위효소가 각각 증가되었다. 그러나 파랑볼우럭 조직에서 LDH 활성의 변화는 작았으나 눈조직에서 가장 크게 증가되었으며, 뇌조직은 LDH A4와 AC hybrid가 증가되었다. 피루브산 10 mM에 의해 기아 후 붕어 조직의 LDH 활성은 30.30-18.64%, 파랑볼우럭 조직의 LDH는 25-18.75% 남았으며, 붕어는 KmPYR 값이 증가되었다. 실험결과 LDH liver-specific C 동위효소가 기아 중에 간, 뇌 및 눈조직에서 발현되었고, 기아 후 뇌조직에서 젖산의 대사가 우세하고, 붕어 LDH liver-specific C가 파랑볼우럭 LDH eye-specific C보다 영향을 더 받는 것으로 사료된다.


Metabolism of lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27, LDH) was studied to identify the function of LDH-C. Tissues of LDH liver-specific Ldh-C expressed Carassius auratus and eye-specific Ldh-C expressed Lepomis macrochirus after starvation were studied. LDH activity in liver tissue from C. auratus was increased after starvation. And LDH specific activity (units/mg) and LDH/CS were increased in tissues. It means the anaerobic metabolism was taking place in C. auratus after starvation. LDH B4 isozyme was decreased in skeletal muscle and increased in heart tissue. LDH C4 isozymes those showed in eye and brain tissues were identified as liver-specific C4 isozymes and disappeared after starvation. And C hybrid in eye, A4 isozyme in brain, and both C hybrid and C4 isozyme in liver tissue were increased, respectively. In L. macrochirus, the level of variation of LDH activities was low but greatly increased especially in eye tissue and LDH A4 and AC hybrid were increased in brain tissue. The LDH activities in tissues from C. auratus and L. macrochirus remained 30.30-18.64% and 25-18.75%, respectively, as a result of the inhibition by 10 mM of pyruvate. The KmPYR values of LDH in C. auratus were increased. As a result, LDH liver-specific C4 isozyme was expressed in liver, brain and eye tissues during starvation. It seems metabolism of lactate was predominant in brain tissue. After starvation, the liver-specific LDH-C was affected more than eye-specific LDH-C.