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Traditionally, verb-particle constructions have been regarded as inexplicable because the whole meaning of them does not seem to be directly interpretable based on the individual verbs and particles. However, Lindner (1981, 1982) and Morgan (1997) have successfully shown how the meanings of verb-particle constructions can be explained within the framework of cognitive semantics. However, they have not delved into the question how the literal combination of a verb and a particle extends its meaning through metaphor and metonymy. Bridging the gap, this paper deals with the cases where verbs and particles combine literally, but the combinations later on extend their meanings through metaphor, metonymy and sometimes through conceptual complexes of metaphor and metonymy, which is called metaphtonymy. As a showcase, the paper deals with how the literal combination of stand and up and that of stand and out develop their meanings through the metaphtonymic extensions based on the experiential basis of the real actions of standing up and standing out.