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By rereading Xiao Ye-mu’s novel Between My Wife and I and its arguments, this article reveals ideological conflict between the countryside woman(my wife) and the city man(I). Through an emotional crisis between the male and female protagonists, the novel reveals a new antagonism in the revolutionary culture context in those early days after the founding of People’s Republic of China. Chinese contemporary literature has regarded grand narration as the highest paradigm of literature. Yet, Xiao Ye-mu’s Between My Wife and I breaks the paradigm by breaking the distinction between major themes and non-major themes, that is, “Family life” and “Love” are selected as the plot, and breaking the selection of characters, that is, intellectual are no longer regarded as negative or secondary roles. Between My Wife and I focuses on the daily life ignored by history and describes it so vividly. The Chinese literature of the 1950s demanded mainstay ideology, which was the criterion of literary creation and criticism. Between My Wife and I followed this criterion but could not strictly stick to it, which aroused some serious criticism. This criticism was related to the establishment of new literary criterion, in which this paper tries to reveal some internal tension.