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Gaegyeong in Koryeo had the multilayered main lines of city planning, so downtown was formed in the middle of the capital castle. Hangyeong in Joseon sat in a north-south straight line between Gyeongbokgung palace and Namdaemun gate and it pursued a uni-fied main line like China, but its downtown was formed in the middle of the capital city by making multilayered main lines. The capital city of Gaegyeong had 25 gates. The capital city of Hangyeong had 8 gates, which followed the system of a feudal lord state. Gaegyeong pursued its convenience and communication, but Hangyeong followed its named place and had the exclusive tendency. The Grand Palace of Gaegyeong consisted of the palace system of imperial state. The front gate of Imperial Castle was the east gate, Gwanghwamun. This had a profound effect on the city system of Gaegyeong. Gyeongbokgung palace of Hangyeong had three gates in a southerly direction in front of audience hall according to the palace system of a feudal lord state. Main rituals of Grand Palace in Gaegyeong were held in the various facilities, while those of Gyeongbokgung in Hangyeong were concentrated in Geunjeongjeon and Geunjeongmun. Gaegyeong was the capital of the Buddhist nation, Koryeo. So a lot of Buddhist temples were built inside and outside of the capital city. Besides Gaegyeong had various facilities of Confucianism and Taoism. Gukjagam(Seonggyungwan) was the place which various knowledges were taught in. Confucius shrine of Gukjagam was located in front of lecture hall during the early Koryeo, but Confucius shrine of Seonggyungwan was behind lecture hall at the end of the Koryeo. Hangyeong managed several Buddhist temples inside the capital city in the early Joseon, but the Buddhist temples nearly disappeared inside the capital city in the middle and late Joseon. Sogyeokseo, a Taoism facility disappeared after the Japanese Invasion. In Seong-gyungwan of Hangyeong, Confucius shrine was located in front of the lecture hall and general knowledges except Confucianism were ruled out. By this, Hangyeong became the only capital city of Confucianism in East Asia.