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The most general and definite way of territorial acquisition is the physical occupation to terra nullius based on the discovery. It is known as effective control. The doctrine of effective control, however, is still dispositive of many contemporary disputes over territory. Although the importance of acquiring title through actual physical possession, as opposed to symbolic acts or discovery, has long been recognized, if the term is interpreted as underscoring that the "occupation" must be real and physical possession of the territory in question, not hypothetical possession based on symbolic acts and animus occupandi, it could not play a role as legal criteria to solve territorial disputes because parties of the most territorial dispute cases argue their claim on ancient imprecise documents. Doctrinally, the single most important factor of legal title to land is a "consistent," "actual," "peaceful," and "physical" exercise of power over it. To the extent that simple de facto possession of a particular area is a good in itself, absence of legal title is of diminished importance. In contrast, to the extent that one wishes to gain legal interests in the area one occupies, it is important to have de jure rights as well as physical possession. This article emphasizes that different levels of state activities are appropriate for different types of territory: minimal levels of government activity may be enough to demonstrate sovereignty over the areas which is uninhabited and departed long distance from main land. And when it comes to international legal arena, international tribunals will compare the degree of effective occupation as a sovereign authority demonstrated by each claimant to reach a result. This Kind of balancing test seems to be preferred method of international tribunals and will probably carry the day against contrary arguments based on confusing historical ancient documents.