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August Wilson, through his various voices, dealt with justice, black experiences, Blues culture, African history, and African traditional ritual in his decade plays. The more important point is that he tried to change the direction of African-American Plays because the characters of the plays had been treated as simply stereotyped ones. The African-American Playwrights have created two different voices, such as revolutional fighters and non-violent resistance. Wilson also gives his characters many roles, but they are just neighbors who we might meet in the street or in the pub. Their lives and experiences are not specific ones but rather close to very routine. Wilson's characters fight against the racial justice such as unfair treatment, racial discrimination. In addition, Wilson, in his plays, urges black people to recognize Black (African) history, Blues tradition, and African culture for the justice of the Black people. This paper describes the problem of justice in the views of African-American theater and Wilson's play, Seven Guitars. In addition, African-American playwrights made hard efforts for the development of both African-American and American Plays. The people, in the plays, live in Pittsburgh, but it seems that they don't have hope for the future there. They are struggling for money, against unfairness, and discrimination. Floyd believes that all of these things will be changed if only he moves to Chicago. Redcarter and Canewell are playing a game for a sweet potato pie. This is a parody of how Black people experienced unreasonable treatment by the white people in the past. Justice had come up to American society since African-Americans began to think that they were accorded American citizenship. For example, they took part in World War II for freedom and democracy. But they realized that in the great melting pot society, fair games had been continued only for the white people. Wilson noticed that the contemporary complicated situation and his individual experiences should be reflected into his plays. His characters have various roles, violent fighters, arbitrators for a compromise solution, traditional heirs of African identity, Blues singers for entertainment and Black culture, murders for money and greed, etc.