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연구목적흉통을 호소하여 방문한 환자를 대상으로 우울, 불안, 자존감, 그리고 삶의 질 을 조사하고, 전형적 흉통과 비전형적 흉통에 따른 차이를 비교하였다. 방 법39명의 흉통 환자와 40명의 대조군을 대상으로 하였으며, 순환기 내과 전문의의 문진과 심장 전산화 단층촬영, 답차운동부하검사, 관상동맥조영술 등을 시행하여 전형적 흉통과 비전형적 흉통을 감별하였다. 우울, 불안, 자존감, 그리고 삶의 질을 평가하기 위해 BDI(Beck’s Depression scale), STAI(State trait anxiety inven-tory), RSES(Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale), SBQOL(SmithKlein Beecham Quality of Life Scale)를 적용하였다. 결 과심질환의 위험인자는 가족력을 제외하고는 전형적 흉통군, 비전형적 흉통군, 그리고 대조군 간에 차이가 없었다. 우울은 대조군에 비해 두 가지 흉통군 모두에 더 높았으나 흉통군 간에는 차이가 없었다. 불안은 대조군에 비해 두 가지 흉통군 모두에서 더 높았고, 전형적 흉통군에 비해 비전형적 흉통군에서 더 높았다. 자존감과 삶의 질은 대조군과 전형적 흉통군에 비해 비전형적 흉통군에서 더 낮았다. 결 론흉통환자에서 불안과 우울에 대한 평가와 개입이 필요하며, 특히 비전형적 흉통환자에서는 자존감과 삶의 질 저하에 대한 접근도 병행이 되어야 함을 시사한다.


Objectives:The objective of this study is to measure and to compare the rate of depression, anxiety, self-esteem and the quality of life of the patients with chest pain. Based on the result of this study, the necessity of the psychiatric assessment and treatment of the patients with chest pain is emphasized. This study is a preliminary research for a larger scale investigation to be carried out in the future. Methods:Thirty nine patients with chest pain who visited Cardiovascular Division of Dept. of Internal Medicine Pusan National University Hospital and fourty normal control group(NC) were included in this study. The patients were classified into typical chest pain group(TCP, N=19) and atypical chest pain group(ACP, N=20) based on the cause of the pain. The cause was determined by cardiac computed tomography, exercise stress test, coronary angiography, and questionaires by a cardiology specialist. The patients were assessed with Beck Depression Inventory(BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale(RSES) and Korean version of the Smith Klein Beecham ‘Quality of Life’ scale(KvSBQOL). Results:1) When the risk factors of cardiac disease is compared, most of the factors(Hypertension, Diabetes, Hyperlipidemia, Cerebral infarction) did not differ significantly among the two chest pain groups, except for the family history, for which TCP group showed higher risk than ACP group did. 2) As for the self-report questionaires scores, BDI score, which indicates the rate of depression, of both ACP group and TCP group was significantly higher than that of NC group in BDI for depression. STAI score, which measures anxiety, was also significantly high in both groups. Especially, STAI score was significantly higher in ACP group than TCP group. 3) In the aspect of self-esteem and quality of life, ACP group scored significantly lower than TCP group and NC group. The scores for TCP group and NC group did not differ significantly. Conclusions:The patients with chest pain showed more depression and anxiety than normal control group, regardless of the cause of the pain. However, TCP group did not show significantly larger drop in self-esteem and quality of life than ACP group did. This result implies that early psychiatric assessment and treatment is needed for the patients with such chest pain, since it is highly likely that the pain would lead to lower quality of life of the patients.