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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of mothers' involvement in a dental health program for their elementary school children. Methods: This study was a non-equivalent control group pre-post test design in which knowledge and behaviors related to dental health, perceived benefits and barriers, self-efficacy and plaque control scores were compared between the experimental group (n=26) for whom the dental health program included the direct involvement of the mothers,and the control group (n=24) for whom knowledge related to dental health was provided through brochures. Results: Scores for the experimental group in which the mothers were involved in the dental health program were significantly higher for knowledge,behaviors in dental health, self-efficacy and plaque control compared to the control group. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that mothers involvement in the dental health program is effective in reinforcing dental health enhancing behavior in elementary school children.