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Objectives: Physical activity provides economic benefits and contributes in improving health and quality of life. Opportunities for physical activity continue to decrease with the increasing prevalence of sedentary lifestyles. In various settings, there have been many efforts to enhance physical activity to prevent chronic disease for people of all ages. This study was performed to define competencies of physical activity specialists in health promotion and compare with those of health education specialists. Methods: The study employed official data and manuals of health promotion programs that have been published and uploaded on public websites. Results: Competencies for physical activity in health promotion included needs assessment, analysis of data and scientific information, planning and evaluation, developing strategies and materials, management, building healthy environment, research. To compare with the competency of health education specialists, competencies of physical activity were almost similar to that except the developing individual-based physical activity program in exercise science. Conclusions: Physical activity programs for health promotion should be planned and implemented throughout various health topics and in coordination with multiple sectors. To increase efficiency of the utilization of human resources in health promotion,health education specialists needs to participate in physical activity programs and would require empowerment in exercise science.