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Legal aid is a system that allows fulfilling the rule of law which the Constitution defines. Also, it allows a welfare state to realize the legal welfare service system. Having and fully utilizing an effective system that protects the rights of citizen, like the legal aid, strengthen a constitutional state. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the need and importance of the legal aid more thoroughly. Republic of Korea has been putting efforts in developing the system of legal aid. However, in current circumstance, it is not enough to fill the demand. Moreover, due to the rapid change in society and legal service, there is a need to shift the paradigm in constructing and developing the legal aid. In this respect, it is necessary to secure more material and human resources to reinforce the original purpose of the legal aid, and to put effort to upgrade the current system to find a new function in constructing an advanced rule of law and a welfare state. In order to do so, the increase in budget to secure the resources is indispensable. Moreover, the legal aid program should be diversified to suit the idea of the twentieth-first century’s constitutional state while adopting judicare system from other advanced nations as well. However, foremostly, Korea Legal Aid Corporation should go through macroscopic reform to become the control tower in this process. In this respect, it is also required to change the concept of legal aid into the concept of legal assist.