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1977년 하반기부터 착수된 재해대책사업위원회의 ‘광산소비조합육성사업’은 1973년의 광산지역 장기구호사업에서 추진된 노동금고 및 신협 설립운동을 기반으로 제2단계로 광산지역에 소비조합을 조직 육성하고자 한 것이었다. 광산소비조합육성사업은 탄광지부 내 신협의 부대사업으로써 산악지대라는 지역적 특성과 복잡한 유통과정을 통한 높은 광산물가 및 중간상인의 횡포를 극복하면서 광부들의 경제적 생활안정을 도모하기 위해 추진된 소비조합운동이었다. 재해대책사업위원회는 광산신협 지도자들과 함께 광산지역 소비조합협의회를 결성하고 그 운영을 지원하면서 소비조합운동을 전개하였다. ‘광산소비조합육성2년연장사업’은 광산소비조합에 대한 교육 및 운영관리 지도와 광산지구협의회의 육성을 목적으로 소비조합육성사업의 후속사업으로써 추진된 것이었다. 재해대책사업위원회의 후신인 사회개발위원회는 소비조합육성사업과 광산소비조합육성2년연장사업을 추진하면서 제반 교육사업을 활발하게 추진하였다. 그 결과 신협과 그 부대사업으로 추진되고 있는 소비조합의 운영을 활성화하고, 광산지구협의회를 통해 그 자립기반의 마련과 발전을 추동할 수 있었다. 광산지역의 소비조합운동은 광산지구협의회의 자립과 함께 성공적인 추진이 이루어졌다. ‘광산소비조합육성3년연장사업’은 이전 사업의 연장이자 광산지역 소비조합운동의 성과와 경험을 바탕으로 당시 대두하고 있었던 한국노총 협동사업부와 협력하여 한국노총 내 17개 산별 노동조합에 탄광지대라는 지역적 범위를 넘어 전국적으로 소비조합운동을 확산시키고자 전개된 것이었다. 사회개발위원회는 광산소비조합육성3년연장사업의 추진을 통해 광산지역의 소비조합운동을 한국노총 17개 산별 산하 노조 소비조합의 주요모델로 삼아 설립되거나 운영토록 하고 있었으며, 더 나아가 협동조합 7대원칙에 기반한 소비조합운동을 확산시키고자 노력하였다. 아울러 사회개발위원회는 농촌지역과 광산지역의 소비조합운동의 성과와 경험에 기반하여 1980년대 전반기 소비자협동조합중앙회의 창립과 운영방향에 주요기반이자 커다란 역할을 할 수 있었다. 사회개발위원회는 소비조합운동의 전국적 조직인 소비자협동조합중앙회를 중심으로 경제기획원의 인가를 통해 광산소비조합을 광산신협에서 독립시키며 재편하고자 하였으나 당시 한국노총 협동사업부의 정치적 행보와 한국노총 산하 전국광산노조의 압력에 의해 광산지역 신협과 그 부대사업으로 운영되었던 광산소비조합과 광산지구협의회는 한국노총소비자협동조합연합회 소속으로 남게 되었다. 재해대책사업위원회에 의해 주도된 광산지역 협동조합운동은 탄광노조의 지도자와 조합원들을 대상으로 초청교육과 현장교육 등 다양한 제반교육을 통해 광산노동자들로 하여금 광산현실에 대한 각성을 이끌었으며, 조합원에 의한 민주적 운영을 기본으로 하는 협동조합운동에 기반한 교육사업을 통해 탄광노조의 민주화를 이루는데 일정한 일정한 역할을 할 수 있었다.


This study focuses on analyzing the consumer cooperative movements in mining areas by the relief and rehabilitation committee in Won-ju in 1970~1980’s. In March 1973, the relief and rehabilitation committee in Won-ju started the ‘long lasting relief program’ in the mining areas financed by Deutscher Caritas. At the time, the labor of korean miners is rather dangerous and burdensome work and also they face such hardships as difficult traffic,expensive price of commodities, as their villages are located in remote mountainous valleys, as they are living a desperate life owing to the low level of wage, bad environments of dwelling and lack of welfare facilities. So, the relief and rehabilitation committee promoted the Organization and operation of consumers’ cooperatives in miners’ villages in Kangwondo(1977~1981) under the support from Misereor to establish the Consumers’ Cooperatives and the Council of Consumers’ Cooperatives in order to enhance the socio-economic status of miners. The Continuation for 2 years of the promotion of Consumers’Cooperatives in Miners’ Villages(1981~1983) was promoted by the Social Development committee and the main targets of this project was to strengthen the consumers’ cooperatives and the Council of Consumers’ Cooperatives in mining villages through various educations and guiding the operations managements. As a result, the miners’ credit unions and the miners’ Consumers’ Cooperatives as a subsidiary business of the credit unions could be activated and the Council of Consumers’ Cooperatives could be arranged based on the independence. The Social Development committee executed the project under the support from Misereor so successfully that its results was quickly introduced to many industrial trade unions nationwide through the National league of Miners’ Trade Unions. Thus, they were not satisfied only with its success, but also tried to extend it to other trade unions to promote the general cooperative movement of korean workers who are forbidden regular labor strife. So they promoted the expansion and promotion of Consumers’Cooperatives with Trade Unions based on Consumers’ Cooperatives in mining areas(1983~1987). This project was characterized by strengthening the existing business of miners' consumers’ cooperatives and at the same time spreading it out to nationwide trade unions to motivate the national movement of consumers’ cooperatives. They promoted this movement,based on the 7 Cooperative Principles, as a symbol of the cooperatives business of the National Trade Union Confederation and tried out the expansion of the Consumers’ Cooperatives movement. In the early 1980’s, the consumers’ cooperatives were restricted in their growth as they had been promoted as a subsidiary business of the credit unions without their own law. The miners’ consumers’ cooperatives,therefore, required a new reorganization for self-supporting account system apart from the credit unions with their own law. So, the Social Development committee impelled the independence of the miners’consumers cooperatives through the approval of the Economic Planning Board to the National Federation of Consumer’s Cooperatives, but it was failed until 1987 and the miners’ consumers cooperatives were left as a subsidiary business of the credit unions under the Consumers’ Cooperative Federation of the National Trade Union Confederation. The cooperative movement in the mining areas led by the Social Development committee induced the leaders and members of the coal mine labor unions to an awakening to the reality of the mining villages through various educations, local courses and live-in training courses. As the activities in trade unions stagnated and the leaders grew less enthusiastic because of the restriction of labor movement, that movement was convinced them of the fact that the economic cooperation was essential to the workers and activated the dull trade union by promotion consumers cooperatives in them. So, they were able to play a role to achieve the democratization of the unions and the labor movement in mining areas.


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Organization and operation of consumers’ cooperatives in miners’ villages in Kangwondo, Continuation for 2years of the promotion of Consumers’ Cooperatives in Miners’ Villages, Expansion and promotion of Consumers’ Cooperatives with Trade Unions based on Consumers’ Cooperatives in mining areas, Relief and rehabilitation committee, Council of Consumers’Cooperatives in mining villages, Ccooperative Movements