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The first Pauline letter to Corinthians reports a division in the Corinthian church between “those who went hungry” and “those who became drunk”(11:21). Concerning the identity of these two groups, Gerd Theissen’s hypothesis has been widely accepted: they were “the strong” and “the weak” in the social stratum of the Corinthian church. This article, based on Theissen’s hypothesis, is an effort to go further in articulating the identity of those “the strong” and “the weak” in the Corinthian church. For this goal, this article pays special attention to the fact that the Eucharist was not a token meal but a full meal at the time of Paul. If it was a full meal, the first question to be asked would be “Who did prepare the meal?,” a question that food-sociologists would ask to disclose the social significance of a meal. Keeping in mind this presupposition, this article examines a couple of related social conventions in the Greco-Roman world such as the role of slaves, the constituent and the religious function of the household. The result of the examination points out one possible explanation about the division reflected in 1 Cor 11:21: it was between slaves and their masters: slaves prepared food in the kitchen while masters reclined in the dining room. As a result of this distinction of the role, one party, who cooked in the kitchen, was hungry while the other was drunk. Thus, “those who went hungry” were slaves and “those who became drunk” were masters. Facing this problem, Paul instructed the congregation with a solution that the party who became drunk had to wait until those who were preparing the food came to recline or sit down(1Cor 11:33)