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본 연구는 지방대 학생들이 인식하는 취업장벽 수준을 측정하고, 여러 취업장벽 요인 중 어떤 요인에서 취업장벽을 더 느끼는지, 취업장벽 관련 변인들의 관계를 알아보고, 어떤 경로를 통해 취업장벽 인식에 영향을 주는지를 밝히기 위해 수행되었다. 연구대상은 경남 창원시에 위치한 C대학교 재학중인 학생 중 교양강좌 수강학생 총 630명(남학생 307명, 여학생 323명)을 대상으로 하였다. 연구도구는 취업장벽척도, 개인배경척도, 취업관련심리척도, 취업관련교육경험척도를 사용하였다. 자료의 분석은 SPSS 17.0, AMOS 16.0를 사용하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 취업장벽 수준은 보통보다 약간 낮게 나타났으며, 취업관련교육, 취업관련 경험부족 요인이 가장 높게 나타났다. 개인배경변인에 따른 취업장벽인식에서는 여학생이 남학생보다, 비공과계열 학생들이 공과계열 학생보다, 가정소득 및 학점이 낮은 학생들일수록 취업장벽 인식이 높게 나타났다. 취업관련 심리적 변인에서는 여학생보다 남학생이, 가정소득, 학점이 높을수록 구직효능감이 높게 나타났으며, 취업포부 또한 여학생보다 남학생이 높게 나타났다. 직업미결정에서는 여학생이 남학생 보다, 가정소득이 낮은 학생일수록 직업결정을 하지 못하는 것으로 나타났다. 지방대 학생이 인식하는 취업장벽은 구직효능감, 직업미결정, 학점, 취업관련교육, 가구소득에서만 유의미한 상관이 있는 것으로 나타났고, 지방대 학생들의 취업장벽과 관련변인간의 인과모형에서는 취업관련교육경험이 취업관련심리변인으로, 취업관련심리변인이 취업장벽으로 가는 경로가 유의미함을 알 수 있었다.


The purpose of this research was to investigate the barriers to local university students finding employment, to examine the relationships between the variables in finding employment barriers, to discover the factors influencing finding employment barriers, and to explore the channels that affect finding employment barrier awareness. The survey was conducted with 630 participants (307 male students, 323 female students) who took First year courses at C university located in Changwon city, Gyeongnam. The research tools were job barrier measure, personal background measure, finding employment mentality measure, and the educational experience on finding employment measure. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 16.0. The result of this research is as follows: First, the entire level of finding employment barriers appeared to be perceived a little lower than the usual; the education on finding employment and the lack of experience for finding employment appeared higher than the usual result. In the area of personal variables affecting finding employment barriers, female students showed higher awareness than the male students, non-engineering students showed higher awareness than the engineering students, and the low-income and the low-credit students showed higher awareness than the high-income and the high-credit students. With regard to the psychological variables on finding employment, the female students, the high-salary students, and the high-credit students showed high in finding employment efficacy. In addition, the female students showed higher job aspiration than the male students. The finding employment barriers perceived by the C students in this study were shown to be significantly correlated with finding employment efficacy, job non-determination, class credits, education on finding employment, and family income. For the relationship between local university students' finding employment barriers and the related variables, there showed meaningful correlations among finding employment efficacy, job pendency, class credits, education on finding employment, and family income. For the causality model between the whole local university students' finding employment barrier and related variables, the channels of the education on finding employment appeared meaningful to the finding employment mentality variable: the channel of finding employment mentality variable appeared meaningful to the finding employment barrier.