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본 연구는 보호관찰 청소년의 문제행동 특성에 대하여 알아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 연구대상으로는 A 지방법원에서 보호관찰 대상으로 판결되어 수강교육을 받는 중․고등학교 재학생 중 남․여(14~17세) 190명을 대상으로 하였으며, 측정도구는 청소년 자기행동 평가척도(K-YSR)를 사용하였다. 연구 대상에 대한 문제행동 양상을 파악하기 위해 문제행동증후군 척도의 하위 영역별 특성에 대해 두 독립표본 t검정을 실시하였으며 산출된 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 보호관찰 청소년의 내재화 문제 하위척도 중 위축, 신체증상, 우울/불안 영역에서 남녀 간에 유의미한 차이를 나타내었다. 둘째, 보호관찰 청소년의 외현화 문제 하위척도 중 비행, 공격성 영역에서 남녀 간에 유의미한 차이를 나타내었다. 셋째, 문제행동 증후군 척도 중 하위 영역들은 서로 간에 상관이 대체로 높게 나타났다. 보호관찰 청소년 지도에 있어서 가정과 학교, 상담소, 특히 교정시설 등에서 그들이 저지르는 비행 자체만을 대상으로 접근하지 말고, 그들의 정서․행동적 특성을 파악하여 지도한다면 효과가 있을 것으로 기대된다.


The aims of this study were to investigate the characteristics of problem behaviors of juveniles who are under the protection and probation system. 190 students, aged 14 to 17 years old, in the custody of A Probation Office who attend middle and high schools in A city were selected as study subjects. Korean-Youth Self Report(K-YSR) was used as a method for the measurement. Raw score was obtained from the sub-area of K-YSR which includes social ability, internalizing problems, and externalizing problems, etc. Then it was converted into the standard score and analyzed. SPSS of version 17 program was used to get meaningful results from each sub-area by two-independent samples t test. The results were as follows: First, there were three characteristics of internalizing problem behaviors: withdrawal, somatic complaints, and anxiety/depression. They were tested whether each of them had a meaningful difference. A meaningful difference was found between boys an girls. Second, there has been two areas of characteristics of externalizing problem behaviors and those were delinquent and aggressive ones. They were also checked whether they have meaningful differences and the results were as follows. In the area of delinquent behavior and aggressive behavior, a meaningful difference has been found. As a result it can be said that male group has more significant characteristics than female group in both areas. Third, the sub-areas of the behavior problem scale has been found highly correlated one another. In conclusion we shouldn't approach the problems that juveniles make in their families, schools, counselling centers, and especially reformation facilities. Rather it is expected to be more effective if they are taught through understanding of their emotional and behavioral characteristics. Finally, this study has been done relating to the characteristics of an adolescence period and, especially it presents factors of problem behaviors found in youngsters. That's the reason this thesis is worth.