초록 close

Not only honor of personal rights but also freedom of the expressions should keep control and balance so that both of basic human rights should keep harmony at collision to legislate and interpret laws. Article 309 of the Criminal Act had dual values, that is to say, weighted punishment of not only intent of defame another but also limitation on defamation crime for freedom of expressions to have border between individuals' honor protection and freedom of expressions. The interpretation should be applied to Article 70 of the Information and Communications Network Act having same structure as Article 309 of the Criminal Act, and both regulations having no discrimination of both structure and functions should be regulated by the Criminal Act in the future. Article 307-1 of the Criminal Act should not be cancelled considering personal and social influence, and prosecution conditions should follow current regulation of ‘Crime shall not be prosecuted over the express objection of the victim’. The insult had relation with ‘freedom of expressions’ in accordance with Article 21-4 of the Constitution to have no relation with the people's right to know on expressions to have less Constitutional protection and to have no need of enactment. Being different from the Criminal Act, legislation of ‘Crime shall not be prosecuted over the express objection of the victim’ had uncertain insult from objective point of view to have intention of not victim but investigation agency that was thought to be inappropriate. Being different from defamation, the insult crime that committed minor illegality should have de-criminalization from long term point of view. The overall de-criminalization that was difficult to apply should follow not imprisonment but punishment concerning property considering practical situation.