초록 close

It is well known that Einstein was fascinated by Dostoevsky, especially his last novel Brothers of Karamazov. He wrote to Heinrich Zangger in March 1920, "I am reading Dostoevsky(Brothers of Karamazov). It is the most wonderful thing that has ever fallen into my hands." He wrote again in April, "I am in rapture about the Brothers Karamazov. It is the most wonderful book I have ever put my hands on." Einstein's fascination with Dostoevsky has been a source of inspiration for many scholars and specialists who are interested in the possibility of interrelations of literature and science. This paper is intended to examine the possible links between the great novelist and the great physicist focusing on the concept of reality as it is manifested in Brothers of Karamazov and Einstein's metaphysical writings. The problem of reality is one of the main things Einstein was deeply interested in since he has announced the theory of Relativity. Reality, as it is stated in a number of Einstein's later philosophical and metaphysical writings including "Physics and Reality," is beyond human perception. According to him, to say that only things one can observe exist is scientifically false. Things which are impenetrable to us really exist, manifesting themselves as the highest wisdom. He summarizes this idea of reality as "the most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious." Alesha and Zosima in Brothers of Karamazov prefigures Einstein's concept of the mysterious. Unlike Ivan, Fyodor, and Ivan's Devil, who measure reality according to the law of Newtonian physics, they experience reality as mystery. In mystery, time and eternity, man and God, this world and 'the other world' eventually meet.