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From the shrine myth of Ulleungdo and Ovoondong in Samcheok, this research covers the culture exchange between island and land. The original shrine myth related to the Ovoondong shrine is now slowly being erased from the village people's memories. Today, the village people only enshrine three godships in their shrine. They are the gods of shrine, sun and land. The gods of sky and mountain, which are viewed as godships of the present, are displayed as a ceremonial table type of Samcheok Hyanggyo. The shrine myth of Ovoondong is slowly changing due to people's imperfect memories and outer influence from the press and local government. The myth is now recreated by the transmission agents and external factors. Shrine myth was once the symbol of folk belief, that maintained and reinforced the village order. Also it helped promote the village ceremony, and there was a rule that the representative or ceremony director of the village should lead the village people who participated in the village ceremony. In short, the Shrine myth played a key role in linking faith and order of the village. In the case of the Shrine myth of Ovoondong in Samcheok a strange stone story was added to the existing shrine. Meanwhile the myth of Tae-ha dong in Ulleungdo was related to the death of man and woman, which originated from a land shrine myth. Since myth is a historical product, it shows the lifestyle and thoughts of people from different periods and represents the villager’s life and history. Thus, it should be re-evaluated and introspected from a modern point of view. From this research it can be concluded that when culture is interpreted upon the absence of historical facts, many errors may occur.