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한국산 나비나물속(Vicia)에 속하는 10분류군의 체세포 염색체수와 그 중 6분류군에 대한 핵형분석을 실시하였다. 본 연구에서 밝혀진 나비나물속의 체세포 염색체수는 2n = 12, 14 또는 24로서, 기본 염색체수 x = 6 또는 7의 이배체와 사배체로 밝혀졌다. 한국특산식물인 나래완두(V. hirticalycina, 2n = 2x = 12)의 염색체수는 본 연구에서 처음으로 밝혀졌다. 가는살갈퀴(V. angustifolia, 2n = 2x = 12), 등갈퀴나물(V. cracca, 2n = 4x = 24), 새완두(V. hirsuta, 2n = 2x = 14), 얼치기완두(V. tetrasperma, 2n = 2x = 14 + 2B), 벌완두(V. amurensis, 2n = 2x = 12), 노랑갈퀴(V. chosenensis, 2n = 2x = 12, 12 + 2B), 나비나물(V. unijuga, 2n = 4x = 24), 애기나비나물(V. unijuga f. minor, 2n = 4x = 24), 광릉갈퀴(V. venosa var. cuspidata, 2n = 4x = 24)의 체세포 염색체수는 기존의 보고들과 일치하였다. 핵형분석 결과, 등갈퀴나물은 2 m + 8 sm+ 2 st, 벌완두는 2 m + 2 sm + 2st, 나래완두는 3 m + 1 sm+ 2 st, 나비나물과 애기나비나물은 4 m + 6 sm + 2 st, 광릉갈퀴는 4 m + 8 sm로 각각 조사되었다.


Somatic chromosome numbers for 10 taxa and karyotypes analysis for 6 taxa of Korean Vicia were investigated. Somatic chromosome numbers of treated taxa were 2n = 12, 14 or 24 and therefore they proved to be diploid or tetraploid with basic chromosome numbers of x = 6 or 7. The chromosome number of V. hirticalycina (2n = 2x = 12) was reported for the first time in this study. The chromosome numbers of nine taxa were the same as in previous studies; V. angustifolia (2n = 2x = 12), V. cracca (2n = 4x = 24), V. hirsuta (2n = 2x = 14), V. tetrasperma (2n = 2x = 14 + 2B), V. amurensis (2n = 2x = 12), V. chosenensis (2n = 2x = 12, 12 + 2B), V. unijuga (2n = 4x = 24), V. unijuga f. minor (2n = 4x = 24), V. venosa var. cuspidata (2n = 4x = 24). The karyotypes of V. cracca, V. amurensis, V. hirticalycina, V. unijuga, V. unijuga f. minor, V. venosa var. cuspidata were observed as 2 m + 8 sm + 2 st, 2 m + 2 sm + 2 st, 3 m + 1 sm + 2 st, 4 m + 6 sm + 2 st, 4 m + 6 sm + 2 st, 4 m + 8 sm, respectively.