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An optimum heat sink for a 30 W chip on board (COB) LED down-light is designed, fabricated, and characterized. By using the SolidWorks Flow simulator and thermal analysis software, the thermal characteristics of the optimum heat sink is analyzed. Four different types of heat sink are simulated and an optimum structure of the heat sink is found. The simulated temperature of the heat sink when operating the LED down-light is 55.9℃, which is only a difference of 2℃ from the measured temperature. In order to reduce the temperature further, a copper spreader is introduced to the heat sink. The temperature of the heat sink with the copper spreader is 3℃ lower than without the copper spreader.