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본 연구는 한국 대학생의 음주 예방행동전략 척도를 타당화하는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 예비문항 개발을 위해 번역, 역번역의 번안과정을 거친 예방행동전략(protective behavioral strategies scale: PBSS) 문항과 국내 4년제 대학 재학생 117명을 대상으로 실시한 개방형 설문조사 응답을 통합하여 음주 예방행동전략 예비척도 50문항을 제작하였다. 개발된 예비척도에 대해 국내 4년제 대학 재학생 66명에게 이해도와 음주 예방 효과성을 평정하도록 하였고 최종 문항을 확정하기 위해 국내 4년제 대학 재학생 246명을 대상으로 예비척도에 대한 탐색적 요인분석을 실시하였다. 탐색적 요인분석 결과, 총 13개 문항으로 이루어진 2개 요인이 확인되었다. 1요인은 활동 전략에 대한 문항으로 대인관계 및 개인의 사고와 행동으로, 2요인은 음주 방법에 대한 문항으로 알콜섭취 및 비알콜섭취와 관련된 행동으로 구성되었다. 마지막으로 국내 4년제 대학 재학생 257명을 대상으로 확인적 요인분석과 타당도 분석을 실시했다. 확인적 요인분석 결과 모형이 적합함을 확인할 수 있었고 음주동기, 음주정도, 대학생 음주문제 척도들과의 상관분석을 통해서 수렴, 공존 타당도를 확인하였으며, 위계적 중다회귀분석을 통해 변별유용성을 확인하였다. 또한 3주 후 실시한 재검사를 통해서 안정적인 검사-재검사 신뢰도를 확인하였다. 마지막으로, 본 연구의 학문적 의의 및 시사점, 그리고 제한점에 대해 논의하였다.


The purpose of this study was to validate the Korean version of protective behavioral strategies scale. In order to develop preliminary items, the items of a protective behavioral strategies scale (PBSS) were adapted through translation and back-translation, and an open-ended survey was conducted on 117 students at a domestic four-year university. Then a preliminary alcohol-related protective strategies scale of 50 items was produced based on the adapted items of the protective behavioral strategies scale and the results of the survey. 66 students from another domestic four-year university were asked to rate their own understanding and effectiveness of the scale on drinking prevention, and an exploratory factor analysis was made after selecting 246 students from a third domestic four-year university to finalize the items. As a result of making an exploratory factor analysis, two factors that consisted of 13 items were selected. Factor 1 was composed of items about activity strategies, which covered interpersonal relationship, personal thinking and behavior. Factor 2 was constituted by items about manner of drinking, which covered behaviors related to alcohol drink and alcohol non-drink. Finally, a confirmatory factor analysis and a validity analysis were carried out after 257 students from a fourth four-year university were selected. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the goodness-of-fit of the model, and the convergent, concurrent and discriminant validity of it was all confirmed by making a correlation and hierarchical multiple regression with scales of drinking motivation, alcohol use and drinking problems of college students. When a retest was conducted three weeks later, the test-retest reliability of the model was confirmed as well. Finally, the academic significance, suggestions and limitations of the study were discussed.