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Lu You, the poet of Chinese Southern-Song Dynasty, not only inherited and developed the discussion of Qi which was founded by Mencius, Cao Pi and the other people, but also expanded and deepened the understanding of Qi. He expanded the applicable scope of Qi, and believed that all things in the world was given priority to Qi.He discussed Literature with Qi and said repeatedly, “Literature is given priority to Qi.” He identified the relationship between Qi and the ability of literature, and put forward the view that “the ability of Literature is used by Qi.” What he said “kungfu outside poem”, mainly refered to developing Qi. Kungfu inside poem concerned writer's ability, kungfu outside poem concerned writer's Qi. It is the method of developing Qi, such as travelling, visiting, reading, discovering the essence of the world ,and so on..If Qi that keeped in writer’s heart achieve to a certain degree, the writing will naturly excellent. For the promotion of Qi, it is also to pay attention to moral cultivation. Lu You wanted to change the literary style at that time, invigorate morale, revitalize the country in the end with the method of developing Qi.