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Target operational availability setting is the first step to setting up a goal which a weapon system development project have to achieve and doing RAM analysis during whole life of a weapon system. It is important as a key factor to doing RAM analysis in the early phase of weapon system development. This paper present a methodology to set a target operational availability for, especially, a warship when it develop. This methodology uses Operational Mode Summary/Mission Profile(OMS/MP) of the developing warship and RAM analysis results of similar warships to calculate wartime and peacetime target operational availability. It will be used in early phase of not only warship development but also army or aircraft weapon systems when these develop.