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The purpose of this study is to find out the historical background of people’s negative perceptions on and attitudes to the persons with mental disorder in current Korean society, which perceive those persons as ‘dangerous people who behave impulsively violent and aggressive’ and try to ‘separate them from the local community’ by reviewing the changes of the environment surrounding them during Japanese Colonial period. For this purpose, I looked into the related movement at that times both in main land of Japan and its colony Chosun referring to ChosunChongdokbuKwanbo or the official gazette of Japanese Government-General of Korea, MaeilShinbo, ChosunIlbo, DongaIlbo and other Japanese publications. The study found that there was a procedure in which ‘wandering’ persons with mental disorder were separated from the local community and confined to asylums by social hygienic perception and attitude of Japanese Imperialism under close cooperation between the colonial sanitary police and modern psychiatric system in the colony Chosun. In this procedure Japanese Imperialism gave image of ‘dangerousness’ and ‘impulsiveness’ to persons with mental disorder and it is inferred that it was due to the result of pursuing convenience to dominate Chosun as its colony. It is meaningful that this study deduced the historical background of perceptions and attitudes of separation and exclusion towards persons with mental disorder in current Korean society by reviewing organizing the series of incidents surrounding those people during Japanese Colonial period. However, it is not likely that such efforts of Japanese Imperialism would have directly affected perceptions and attitudes of people in Chosun at that times. While it is true that the policy and activities of Japanese Imperialism had much influence on Korean society due to the unique historical circumstance or the Colonial period, there could be a collision between the policy of Japanese Imperialism and the traditional custom of Chosun which had been inherited from the past. And in terms of medical sector, the activities of missionaries from western countries also have left significant marks after the ‘OpenPort’ofChosun. Accordingly, the changes of people’s perception in the colony Chosun on the person with mental disorder can be found out and deeply understanding of the people’s attitudes towards those people in Korea after the Independence can be achievable only in the inter-relationship among the 3 active parties above.