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This article attempts to examine the spatial structure of Tashkent as a colonial city and the capital of Turkestan Government-Generalship of the Russian Empire. Capitals are distinguished from other cities because they function as a special site for the representation political power. After having been conquered by force, Tashkent became the capital city of Turkestan Government-Generalship and a political, administrative, military, and cultural center for colonial rule of the Russian Empire in Central Asia. Tsarist officials tried to transplant St. Petersburg, the imperial capital, into Tashkent. The Russian government constructed a modern and new city on the right side of the old city of the ancient Silk Road, instead of entering the urban space of old civilization. In doing so, the Russian government separated the new city from the old one. This article intends to examine not only the characters of Tashkent’s spatial structure itself but also how its urban space was reconstituted by the Russian colonial rule, in other words, the properties of Turkestan policy of the Russian Empire. In conclusion, this paper argues that 'modern' urban space constructed by Russian Empire in Tashkent, in fact was not only 'pre-modern' space projected on the aspirations, fear, ignorance of ruling powers in the colony, but also 'paradoxical' space based on the isolation of the indigenous peoples.