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Hyoongbae (胸背), an embroidered chest insignia, is a type of patch attached to the robes, indicating its holder's social rank and status. Animal emblems of the insignia embroidered on the chest vary depending on a country, time, and a person who holds it. Not only Hyoongbae works as an essential element to represent a Hyoongbae holder's rank but also its delicate description and splendid colors emphasize the pictorial aspects of the Joseon dynasty portraits. Hyoongbae was primarily attached to the clothes and most remaining examples are from the 18th and 19th century. Portraits, therefore, are good materials to study Hyoongbae. Hyoongbae drawn on the military-official (武臣)'s portraits shows diverse figures and depiction methods due to certain reasons, which requires more thorough and synthetic approach to it. Hyoongbae had been used since Joseon dynasty upon the influence of China, and its usage was legislated by the Gyong-guk-dae-jeon (經國大典), a complete code of law of the Joseon dynasty. However, some parts of Gyong-guk-dae-jeon display different items from other codes and the Annals Records of the Joseon Dynasty (朝鮮王朝實錄). Thus, an appraisal and authentication of the portraits and a rank identification of the person painted in the portrait seem to require more than Gyong-guk-dae-jeon for reference. The animal emblems embroidered on Hyoongbae of the Joseon military-officials' robes known so far from the actual remains and the portraits include tiger-leopard (虎豹), a single tiger (單虎) or a pair of tigers (雙虎), Haechi (獬豸), and lion (獅子). Shown from the code of law, portraits, and remaining materials of the early Joseon dynasty, consistent images of Hyoongbae with tiger-leopard embroidery were represented. On the other hand, in the portraits drawn after the 17th century, the tigers, Haechi, and lions were embroidered on Hyoongbae, and even the same animal emblems were depicted differently. In late Joseon dynasty, Hyoongbae of the military-officials became either a single tiger embroidery or a pair of tigers with spotting patterns embroidery. In the 17th century, a large number of portraits of the military-officials were produced in accordance with many military-officials’ promotion to meritorious retainers (功臣). In late Joseon dynasty, however, military-officials could not reach relatively higher positions than literati-officials (文臣), and few portraits of the military-officials were produced. While the portraits of the literati-officials or Confucian scholars were actively produced for the ancestral services, most of the military officials’ portraits were copied or reproduced. Since a number of painters participated in the paintings at different times, the portraits show various transformations not only of the styles and techniques but of the images themselves. In case of reproduction or making copies, the original paintings or the portraits for reference were needed. It would have been quite difficult for the painters to find right portraits at exact time. In this case, painters would have referred to the contemporary regulations, materials, or the paintings that the painters may know. Resemblance between Hyoongbae with a tiger embroidery and the tiger paintings in Minhwa (民畵), folk paintings, can be a good example. The military-officials’ portraits containing Hyoongbae with a tiger embroidery include Portrait of Eung-soo Kwon, Portrait of Kyung Jo, Portrait of Woon-ryong Lee, and Portrait of Yoo-myung Park. The tigers drawn on these portraits have been known as a origin of the tigers in Minhwa paintings. Actual remains of Hyoongbae with a striped tiger decoration have not been discovered yet. The portraits of the military-officials are also considered as the later copies or reproductions rather than the paintings drawn at the time of awarding the meritorious deeds. Accordingly, these portraits of militaryofficials can be made referring to the tiger paintings in Minhwa after the tigers in Minhwa became popular or the portraits could have been drawn by the Minhwa painters. Hyoongbae was one of the clothing regulations, indicating its holder’s rank based on the animal emblems drawn on it. Hyoongbae served as an important role to identify the official rank of the person in the portrait. Joseon court’s Hyoongbae system, however, was not well organized. Besides, comparing to scholar-officials, militaryofficials seemed to have more freedom in this system and follow the trend or customs at the time. Hyoongbae painted in the military-officials’ portraits also does not seem to have been fixed, which demands very discreet approach to the study of Joseon militaryofficials’ Hyoongbae system based on the portraits. Synthetic study on the portraits’ styles and images as well as Hyoongbae itself is crucial to have an accurate appraisal of the portraits-original paintings, copies, and reproductions.