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Now a days in China, ‘The unified Nation State Theory’ is united with ‘The Doctrine of Liao River Civilization(遼河文明論)’. Chinese scholars who accept ‘The Doctrine of Liao River Civilization’ insist that, (1) Chinese Civilization is started around ‘Liao River valley’, (2) all the minority nations around ‘Liao River valley’ is a descendant of legendary emperor ‘Huang-di ethnic group’(黃帝族) from the beginning, (3) the leaders of Hongshan Culture are legendary emperor Zhuan-xu(顓頊) and Di-ku(帝嚳) who are descendants of ‘Huang-di(黃帝)’ according to Chinese myth, (4) all the minority nation’s histories around 'Liao River valley’ are ‘Chinese history’ from the beginning. If ‘The Doctrine of Liao River Civilization’ based on ‘The unified Nation State Theory’ is settled, (1) all the Korean ancestor who play an active role of Korean ancient history in Northeast China become a descendants of 'Huang-di(黃帝)’, (2) Korean ancient history becomes a Chinese history from the beginning. No one accepts such a point of view in Korea. Mongolia is faced with the same situation. All the Chinese people regard Chinggis Khan(1162~1227) as a Chinese. No one accepts such a point of view in Mongolia. In this paper I present the possibility that the Bear-Totem group of Hongshan Culture(紅山文化) is the Bear-Totem group(熊族=熊女族) in Tangun mythology(檀君神話). Tangun is the founding father of the Old- Chosŏn dynasty(古朝鮮) in Korea.