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천연물에서 유래한 제초활성 후보물질 d-limonene 에 대한 주요 문제 잡초와 환경위해 잡초인 가시박에대한 살초력 평가를 통해 효율적 잡초 관리를 위한 친환경 잡초방제제로서의 개발 가능성을 검토하고자 본연구를 수행하였다. d-limonene은 온실조건에서 발아전 토양처리 효과는 없었고, 경엽처리에서는 100kg ai ha^-1 이상 농도에서 매우 우수한 방제효과를 보였으나,작물에 대한 선택성은 전혀 없었다. 야생에서 왕성하게 생육하는 환경 위해잡초 가시박에 대해서도 140kgai ha^-1 이상 농도에서 살포물량에 비례하여 우수한 방제효과를 나타내어 천연 생화학 제초제로서의 적용 가능성에 대한 향후 연구가 필요한 것으로 판단하였다.


The potential as natural herbicide of d-limonene natural agent was conducted on several weeds in a greenhouse and Sciyos angulatus in field condition. Herbicidal activity of foliar application at a concentration of 100 and 200 kg ai ha^-1 of d-limonene on seven weed species was completely killed in a greenhouse condition. Also, d-limonene at a concentration of 50 kg ai ha^-1 was completely killing on Abutilon theophrasti, Aeschynomene indica, Echinochloa crus-galli and Digitaria ciliaris 3 days after treatment. While pre-emergence treatment of d-limonene concentration of 12.5 to 200 kg ai ha^-1 showed not significant visible damages. Phytotoxic symptoms of d-limonene by foliar treatment were characterized by wilting and burn-down of leaves and stems followed by discoloration, finally, plant death. Crop selectivity at d-limonene concentration of 100 kg ai ha^-1 over to five main crops including Zea mays by foliar application was not at all. Field trial of foliar treatment with d-limonene 70 to 140 kg ai ha^-1 have effectively controled over 5~20 leaf stages of S. angulatus at the natural habitats. And herbicidal efficacy of foliar application on S. angulatus with carrier volume in field condition was increased with dose dependent manners. These results suggest that d-limonene is considered possible as herbicide, and may be further optimized for natural agent for environmental friendly natural herbicide.