초록 close

본 연구는 현재 기술·가정교과에서 이루어지고 있는 학교식생활교육에 대하여 중학생들이 어떻게 인식하고 있는지 살펴보고자 하였다. 경기지역 중학교 3학년 남녀학생을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시한 바, 유효응답자 444명 중 78.1%가 주로 기술·가정교과로부터 식생활 관련 지식과 정보를 습득하고 있었으며, 62.6%가 ‘실생활에 도움이 된다’, 67.3%가 ‘학교식생활교육이 필요하다’고 응답하였다. 현재 시행중인 식생활교육지원법에 대해서 88.7%의 응답자가 모르고 있었다. 식생활교육영역을 총28개의 항목으로 세분화하여 질문한 결과, 전반적으로 관심도가 높은 항목일수록 실천도 역시 높은 것으로 나타났으며, 모든 항목에서 여학생이 남학생보다 높은 관심도 및 실천도를 나타냈다. ‘식사예절’ 및 ‘청소년의 영양과 식사’ 영역과 관련된 교육항목에 대한 관심이 높았으며 ‘식품 조리’ 영역에 대한 관심은 상대적으로 낮았다. 학교식생활교육의 필요성에 대한 학생들의 인식에는 ‘청소년의 영양과 식사’ 단원에 대한 관심도가 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 다음으로 성별, ‘식사예절’ 단원의 실천도 등의 순으로 조사되었다.


The aim of this study was to investigate middle school students’ perceptions of dietary education in Technology-Home Economics classes. Out of the 444 survey respondents of 3rd grade middle school students in Gyeonggi area, 78.1% of them appeared to have obtained knowledge and information on diet and nutrition primarily from the dietary education delivered in Technology-Home Economics classes. Specifically, 62.6% stated “The current dietary education was useful.” and 67.3% said “School dietary education was necessary.” However, 88.7% was not even aware of the current Dietary Education Support Act, which was enacted in 2009. On the basis of the 28 subject categories in dietary education, in general, the more interested students were in a specific subject, the more actively they applied their knowledge of that subjects in real situations. In all categories, female students had a greater degree of interest and were more likely to apply that knowledge than male students. Among the 28 subjects, they had greatest interest in ‘Dining Manners and Etiquette’ and ‘Nutrition and Meals for Adolescents’ while they expressed relatively little interest in the subject of ‘Cooking and Culinary Education’. Their perception of the necessity of dietary education was most highly influenced by their interest in the subject ‘Nutrition and Meals for Adolescents’, which was followed by gender difference and ‘Dining Manners and Etiquette’ as the most influential subjects.