초록 close

This article focuses on religious belief and the present condition of the Chinese in Korea. The Jushantang(居善堂) is a representative shrine, where overseas Chinese in Seoul, lead their religious lives. The current address is 89, Myeong-dong(明洞) 2-ga, Jung-gu(中區), Seoul. This area is where overseas Chinese have lived, since the end of Qing(淸) dynasty, and Hancheng overseas Chinese primary school(漢城華僑小學) and the Chinese embassy are located here today. When it was built isn't clear, but as matters stand, it is assumed that it was built in the 19th century, before 1907(33rd year of King Guangxu) at the latest. Jushantang is closely related with Qingbang(靑幫). Qingbang is called as group of Dharma(達摩) buddhism. Personnel of Qingbang provided Jushantang as Jieyanjiu gongsuo(place where one should avoid smoking and drinking; 戒煙酒公所). In the 1970s, after building for dharma buddhism was torn down, the shirine was moved into Jushantang. In the 1982, they torn down the old shrine building and built a new one. On the 4th floor, there are office of Jushantang, and temples of Qingbang. On the 5th floor, there are temples of Jushantang. Overseas Chinese in Seoul, worship various spirits. The number of spirits is eighteen -- Dharma, Zisun niangniang(子孫娘娘), Husan taiye(胡三太爺), Guanyu laiye(關老爺), Mazu niangniang(海神娘娘), Buddhist Goddess of Mercy(觀世音菩薩), etc. The important festival is birthday of Zisun niangniang on the Lunar March 20th, bitrhday of Husan taiye on the Lunar October 11th, birthday of Dharma on the Lunar June 6th, and the Lunar New Year's Day.