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The study sought to determine the efficient management of Korean aucha perch by estimating the potential yield (PY), which means the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) based on the optimal stock, in the mid-upper region of the Seomjin River watershed from August 2008 to April 2009. The stock assessment was conducted by the swept area method and PY was estimated by a modified fisheries management system based on the allowable biological catch. Also, the yield-per-recruit analysis (Beverton and Holt, 1957) was used to review the efficient management of resource,Coreoperca herzi. The age at first capture (t_c) was 1.464 age and converted body length was 7.8 cm. Concerning current fishing intensities, the instantaneous coefficient of fishing mortality (F) was estimated to be 0.061 year^-1; yield-per-recruit analysis estimated the current yield per recruit as 4.124 g with F and t_c. The fishing mortality of Allowable Biological Catch (F_ABC) based on the current tc and F was estimated to be 0.401 year^-1, therefore, the optimum fishing intensities could be achieved at the higher fishing intensity for Coreoperca herzi. The calculated annual stock of Coreoperca herzi was 3,048 kg, the potential yield was estimated to be 861 kg with t_c and F_ABC at the fixed current level. Using yield-per-recruit analysis, if F and t_c were set at 0.643 year^-1 and 3 age, respectively, the yield per recruit would be predicted to increase 3.4-fold, from 4.12 g to 13.84 g.