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Yi yeoseong(1901~?) whose real name is Yi myeong-geon, was a nationalist in the first half of 20 century. He did a national liberation struggle under the rule of Impeialist Japan. After liberation from Japanese rule, he engaged in the movement for establishing national state. He was one of the member of Hyeseongdan organized during 3․1 Independence movement. He was arrested by Japanese police, was put in prison for 3 years. After discharge from jail, he went to study to Japan. He did activities in Bukseong-hoe and Ilwol-hoe, socialist Korean young peple's and student's groups. These activities were dirrect engagement of national liberation struggle. After living in Shanghai for about 2 years, he wrote in the newspaper, the Dong-a ilbo and Joseon ilbo, about the people of a small and weak power, the peoples of the philippines, Egypt, India, Vietnam, etc. These writings were written to extract hints help to Korean national struggle. From the year of 1931, he published a series of Statistical study of Korea. He exposed the actual condition of colony and the nature of Impeialist Japanese rule in these works. Japan was reorganized on the war basis in 1937, the year of the invasion of china. Under the Japanese extreme control on all dimensions, Yi yeoseong devoted to paint paintings relate to historical figures and events, and study the history of the Korean traditional clothings. Writing about the people of a small and weak power in the newspaper, Publishing series of Statistical study of Korea, painting historical paintings, and studying the history of the Korean traditional clothings were indirrect engagement of national liberation struggle.