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In the late half of 19th century, the modern nation formulating process of each east­asian country is the one to accept, reject, and transform the western modern civilization. Against the forceful opening port demand of western strong powers, to maintain national independence, each country of east­asia had to reform the old national system, and establish ‘modern’ institutions and system. The degree of adaptation and repulse about western strong powers later determined each nation's governmental direction strongly. In the basis of this problematic recognition, in this thesis I will examine the reality and its historical meaning of modern Japan's outward recognition through tracing the changes of cognitive system on the east­asia in the renovating period of late Bakuhu(幕府) of Japan. In the late Bakuhu period, the accident of the Opium War where the Chung dynasty of china had been defeated against England, brought about the tremendous shock and shake on the traditional china­centred idea. The traditional china­centered idea was collapsed and a new concept of the western world arose up steadily. Because Japan's critical consciousness about the outer world excited Japan's backwardness and weakness, Japan built up the concept which all asian counties would make firm ties with each other against the western nations with strong military power. But, unfortunately, the concept which Japan disdains all the asian nations lay at the back of this asian ties idea. The asian ties idea didn't come from the equal consciousness with each asian country, but from the vertical relation like the idea ‘forward’ vs ‘backward’, or ‘civilized’ vs ‘old fashined.’ This cognitive structure on the asia in the late Bakuhu period was established and strengthened as Japan' original cognitive form through which looked over the asian world.