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This paper aims at critically exploring the descriptions of Korean Catholic history in high school Korean history textbooks. The study examined textbooks currently used in high schools, which include National History(Guksa), Korean Modern and Contemporary History(Hanguk Geunhyeondaesa), and Korean History(Hanguksa). The study analyzes the formats and the contents of the textbooks, points out the problems in the description of the Korean Catholic history and presents suggestions for improvement. In terms of formats, Catholicism was rarely selected as a topic, and the description on Catholic was minimal. National History(Guksa) selected ‘propagation of Catholic’ in late Joseon era as a sub-topic. Korean Modern and Contemporary History(Hanguk Geunhyeondaesa) and Korean History(Hanguksa) described on the acceptance of Catholic and persecution under the sub-topic of social transformation in late Joseon era. In the modern history chapter, Korean history textbooks rarely dealt with religions including Catholic. Textbooks should provide more description on the achievements of Catholic churches. For example, in late Joseon Catholic churches criticized Confucius social order, and in modern history Catholic churches contributed to the democratization of the nation. Chronologically, Korean history textbooks described on the acceptance of and persecution on Catholic churches in late 18th century. In describing early catholic history, current textbooks did not give weight to the catholic catechism and the significance of establishing churches volunteered by parishioners in the absence of missionaries. The textbooks should supplement such contents as catechism that early catholic believers accepted and the significance of their worship. They should also present the ideological and socio-political perspectives by explaining the reason why Joseon government persecuted Catholic churches and examining the factors that affected the spread of Catholicism despite the persecution. In the modern history chapter, textbooks described that Catholic institutions took the lead in providing the social welfare services by running orphanages and convalescent homes. The books also mentioned that Catholic institutions established schools and published newspapers, therefore, contributed in enlightening the people. In the Japanese colonial times chapter, the textbooks described that Catholic churches continued to provide the welfare services and participated in national independence movements. They also give light to the Catholic parishioners in Manchuria who organized Uimindan and pioneered in anti-Japanese movement. In terms of contemporary history, a couple of textbooks described major Catholic commemorative events and social welfare services. Pro-Japanese activities or corruption by religious figures were rarely mentioned in the textbooks. In the future, the textbooks should present balanced point of view by describing both contributions and the problems of the Catholic churches in the Korean history.