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The purpose of this paper is to study the aesthetic distance of the poem of Lee, Sung-Sun. This study examines the discussions until recently regarding the aesthetic and psychological distance and investigates the features of the aesthetic distance, appeared in the poem of Lee, Sung-Sun. First, the subject, as the poetic material that can the factors of the aesthetic distance, and the subject and the aesthetic distance of the poem of Lee, Sung-Sun, will be looked into. And then, the speaker, the attitude of the speech and the features of the speakers in the poem of Lee, Sung-Sun will be analyzed. And the tone that reflects the attitude of speaker will be looked into and the alienation technique of the poem of Lee, Sung-Sun will be carefully considered. In the poetic world of the poem of Lee, Sung-Sun, the poetic mind strongly pursing the absent objects identically appear in early, middle and late period. In early period, the voice wanting to unite with absent subject in the form of praying to the absolute, like the sky, appears. The aesthetic distance to the subject shows the example of the adjustment of relatively short distance. However, it can be found that the attitude like this has changed as it approach the middle period. The unity with the absent subject has been displayed in the environmentally friendly attitude. The aesthetic distance to the subject also changes to the example of appropriate adjustment of distance. However, the expectation and the pursuit for the absent subject shows the features of pantheism, when nearing the poem of late period. The figures of a poet who accepts the death and stands on the last wandering road on earth can be found. The figure of a poet remaining aloof from the approaching death, shows the adjustment of the distance farther from the poetic subject.